Wheelchair basketball was introduced in America in 1945 by World War II veterans. This idea, which emerged when people who used to play basketball and became disabled after the war wanted to continue playing basketball, soon spread throughout the country and tournaments were organized.
Wheelchair basketball, which started to be played around the world over time, was played at the opening of the Rome 1960 Paralympic Games. Today, wheelchair basketball is played according to the rules set by the International Wheelchair Basketball Federation (IWBF), the organizer of this sport.
How to Play Wheelchair Basketball
Wheelchair basketball is a fast-paced, fast-paced sport. Players use special sports chairs with four wheels. The rules of wheelchair basketball are not much different from classical basketball. Measures such as the height of the basket and the free-throw distance are the same as in classical basketball. Wheelchair basketball is played with 2 teams of 5 each.
Wheelchair Basketball Classification System
In order to ensure equal competition conditions, a classification system is applied according to the criteria determined for the athletes. The classification is based on the athletes’ pushing, pivoting, shooting, dribbling and catching skills. Athletes receive the numbers they are classified as points.
There are a total of 4 classes, 1, 2, 3 and 4, and athletes can score 0.5 or 4.5 if they do not fully comply with a class. A higher score means fewer obstacles. Each class has its own unique features. The total score of the 5 players on the field must not exceed 14. While the athletes are classified, observation is made during a training session before the tournament.
While making this observation, the athlete must play with the wheelchair he will use in the tournament. Before starting the tournament, a class is determined according to this observation made during the training, but this class may change depending on the situation during the first match of the athlete. After the first match has been played, there is no reclassification.
In general, the game rules of wheelchair basketball are as follows:
A free throw basket scores 1 point. Baskets made from the two-point field of view score 2 points, and those from the three-pointer field score 3 points. Each team has 24 seconds to score a basket after receiving the ball. The player in possession of the ball may only turn his chair twice before the shooting, passing, or dribbling.
Pushing back chairs and going out of bounds is prohibited. The chair is considered part of the player and fouls are considered accordingly. The offensive player cannot stay in the 3-second lane for more than 3 seconds. A technical foul is charged to a player who lifts his legs or gets up from his chair to gain an advantage, depending on the situation.
If there is a risk of injury when a player falls from his chair, the referee may stop play, otherwise, the match continues.